Do you want to make changes to your Medicare coverage? There are certain times when you can make these changes; some of these time periods are different depending on the type of Medicare plan. For Medicare Advantage (also known as Medicare Part C) and Medicare prescription drug plans, there’s an Annual Election Period (AEP) when you can sign up for, change, or disenroll from the plan.
The AEP runs from October 15 to December 7 each year. If you didn’t sign up for one of these plans when you first became eligible for Medicare (during your Initial Enrollment Period), the AEP is generally your chance to make these changes, unless you qualify for a Special Election Period (SEP).
Here’s a quick rundown of what you can do during the Annual Enrollment Period:
Changes you make during the AEP go into effect January 1 of the next year.
Suppose you’re enrolled in a Medicare Advantage plan and you want to switch to Original Medicare, Part A and Part B. You can make this change during the Medicare Advantage Disenrollment Period, from January 1 to February 14 each year.
If you switch to Original Medicare during this period, you will have until February 14 to enroll in a Medicare Part D prescription drug plan. This coverage is optional, but if you wait until a future date to add it, you could pay a penalty for late enrollment (see below). Your coverage will begin the first day of the month after the plan gets your enrollment form.
Medicare allows changes outside the standard enrollment periods in specific situations that are often out of the beneficiary’s control, such as Medicare-ending its contract with your plan, through Special Election Periods (SEPs). Other examples of these situations include, but are not limited to, the following:
You could be charged a late-enrollment penalty (an amount that is added to your Medicare Part D premium for as long as you have this coverage) if all of the following are true: